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SYMPOSIUM POST SURGICAL SPINE INFECTION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-23

The scope of minimally invasive techniques in spinal infections


Departments of Orthopedics and Spine Surgery and Mumbai Spine Scoliosis and Disc Replacement Centre, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Center, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Arvind Gopalrao Kulkarni
Department of Orthopedics and Spine Surgery, Room Number-206, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Center, Marine Lines, Mumbai - 400 002, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/isj.isj_25_17

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The primary goals for treating infectious spinal conditions are to make an accurate diagnosis, isolate the causative organism, and prescribe effective antibiotic therapy based on the culture reports. A positive culture is extremely important for successful treatment and prevention of further morbidity. Surgically collected samples have shown to have a greater chance of demonstrating growth of organism on culture as compared to computed tomography-guided fine-needle samples. Surgical drainage and/or reconstruction with/or without fixation is usually indicated when there is no or poor response to antibiotic therapy, systemic toxicity with evidence of large collections, progressive spinal deformity, or instability or neurological impairment. However, the incidence of perioperative morbidity is particularly increased in elderly patients or in those with a poor general condition. With improved instrumentation and techniques in minimally invasive spine surgery, spinal infections can be successfully treated by minimally invasive debridement followed by pharmacological treatment, without causing any destabilization to spine. Where major reconstruction and fixation procedures are deemed mandatory, various MIS techniques can be utilized to decrease the surgery related morbidity and allow for faster rehabilitation. These procedures are associated with steep learning curve. With the advent of intraoperative navigation, the exposure to radiations can be significantly reduced.


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