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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 92-98

The median labio-mandibulo-glossotomy approach to the upper cervical spine: A personal series and tips and pearls

1 Department of Orthopaedics, Sparsh Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, Khoula Hospital, Mina Al Fahal, Muscat, Oman
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Sultan Qaboos Hospital, Salalah, Oman

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Venugopal Menon
Department of Orthopaedics, Sparsh Hospital, Tumkur Rd, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/isj.isj_8_18

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Background: Wide exposure to the anterior part of the upper cervical spine is difficult due to anatomical constraints. The Labio-Mandibulo-Glossotomy (LMG) approach is considered a difficult approach with high morbidity. The objective of this study is to describe the authors experience with the approach and it's outcomes in six cases and offer tips and pearls to the surgical access. Methods: This is a retrospective review of a small series of six cases that were operated for upper cervical lesions by the LMG approach. Two had mandible fractures that needed fixation and in the others osteotomy of the mandible was performed. The patients were followed up for minimum two years or death (in malignancy). We specifically looked for cosmetic or functional problems related to osteotomy, glossotomy, and, hospital and ICU stay duration. Surgical access is described in detail. Results: The hospital stay was similar to other major spine trauma or tumour surgeries at our center (median 14 days) and mean ICU stay 2.8 days. There were no long-term issues related to the access. Several tips and tricks are offered to minimize intra and post-operative problems. Conclusions: The LMG approach, though apparently formidable, is quite a safe and simple procedure with few residual complications.

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