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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 222-230

Surgical management of aggressive vertebral hemangioma: Case series and review of literature

1 Department of Spine and Neurosurgery, I-NK, Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Interventional Radiology, I-NK, Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Selvin V Prabhakar
Department of Spine and Neurosurgery, I-NK, Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/isj.isj_48_21

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Background: This study includes management of aggressive vertebral hemangioma (VH). VH is the most common primary tumor affecting the vertebral column. In 0.9–1.2% of patients, VH can become symptomatic and is termed as “aggressive vertebral hemangiomas.” They usually require surgery along with adjuvant modalities. Due to its relatively low incidence, there is sparse reporting in the open literature and lack of universal consensus on treatment protocol. We would like to present our institutional experience in managing aggressive VH by surgery along with adjuvant modalities and a comprehensive review of the literature. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of records of VH cases managed surgically in the past 3 years at our institute was done. All the relevant records and imaging of the patients were retrieved. Results: Five patients were included in the study. All were male with four dorsal and one lumbar lesion. All were treated with surgery along with an adjuvant therapy. Selective arterial embolization was used in one patient, alcohol ablation in three, and vertebroplasty in one. Only one patient had gross total resection, and others had only decompression. Fixation was done in all. All showed good clinical improvement without any complications, except in one. Conclusion: Aggressive VH often requires surgery. Currently, a decompression surgery is preferred due to less morbidity with good clinical outcomes. Various adjuvant therapies have been described in literature to be used perioperatively; yet there is no universal consensus on a standard protocol. Each of them has its own advantages and limitations and thus needs to be carefully selected on an individual basis. Alcohol ablation is an established adjuvant modality, but has to be used with caution.

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